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澳大利亚入籍考试复习提纲

www.177liuxue.cn 来源:首都建设报 发布时间:2010-6-29 9:28:50

这是一篇关于澳洲入籍考试,澳大利亚入籍考试,澳洲入籍考试试题的文章。终于经过了澳大利亚入籍考试,19/20,被老公说很丢脸,咳咳,言归正传,说说考试。 据说从09年8月起澳大利亚入籍条件将进行调整,入籍澳大利亚分数线将调整为75,3道必对题取消,而

 

终于经过了澳大利亚入籍考试,19/20,被老公说很丢脸,咳咳,言归正传,说说考试。

首先是复习教材,可以免费从移民局获得一本复习教材《becominganaustraliancitizen》,印刷精美,勿要钱勿要邮费,各位都去申请。这本书的pdf版本也可以下载:英语版、韩语版。对照着看个两遍。

开始做习题,我在aussietest.com登记了个账号,付了点儿钱,每天上班的时候做一套习题,应说还是有帮扶的吧,还有一套习题是cititest出的,互联网上很多地方都有下载的,不敢直接贴,此帖子里有。我自身也总结了一份笔记,有中英语对照还有年份、人名列表,给下载吧:citizenship-test.pdf,必然要关注,并不是一切重点都概括了,有些我认为很简要的重点没有罗列进去,也不是我罗列的都要背出来,这只是一份列表,方便掌握而已。

考试计分分为几个少数,权利义务3道,澳大利亚价值观(australianvalues)3道,澳大利亚历史(astoryofaustralia)5道,国家管制(governingthecountry)5道(我就这边错了一道,至今不懂得错的啥),我们的国土、我的国家(ourland,ournation)4道。权利义务必须3道都对,然后总体60算pass。据说从09年8月起澳大利亚入籍条件将进行调整,入籍澳大利亚分数线将调整为75,3道必对题取消,而且考试重心也有必然改变。

考试经过,我在悉尼的parramatta移民局开展的考试,原因是我在1月16日打电话131800(唯一的预约手段)预约考试,被告知city最早的考试日期是5月20日,parramatta可以早2周,但是电话那头的小姐用很温柔的声音告诉我,其实2周对于申请宣誓的时间可以忽略不计。在我再三要求能安排早点儿考试的情形下,小姐很热情的跟我说:youarelucky!由于有个家伙4月20日的预约取消了,可以把我插进去,所以提醒各位最好提早个半年预约才保险。

我是早上9点半考试,由于互联网上说文档处置速度很慢,最好能提早个1小时到考场,所以我8点半就到了,结果,门卫说9点开始上班,不让进。去吃了个早饭,9点5分进去,接待小姐说当今接待9点的预约,9点半的等等……终于轮到我了,坐下拍了张照,检查了护照和photocard(其实应是驾照,我没有,由于每次应打方向灯我都开了雨刷,而且也没有开车的要求,就没考),其它什么都没看,然后接待我的大哥对着计算机噼里啪啦的输入了10分钟,最终跟我说:你可以考试了。亲自带我去考场,态度还是很好的,但是到了考场我就气不打一处来:估计有40台左右的计算机,就3个人在考试,还有1个监考的。就此利用率,让我等了3个月!!!考试时间为45分钟,我用了5分钟做完一切的题,2分钟检查了一下交卷了。到监考美眉处领了成绩单,然后美眉告诉我“你的衣服真好看……”然后提议我在互联网上递申请表,我告诉她我教材都准备好了,今日就想交,被告知出去再领1个号。领号又等了10分钟,被接待了,这次好,连驾照都没看,就看了眼护照,然后把我填好的表格收了,检查了一下,几个block红笔一圈写了approved,然后闲扯了几句,事先准备好的bankstatement,无犯罪记载证明(由于其中我离境超过12个月),还有护照相片都没要,没要相片是应为我是当天考试的,刚才拍过了。然后跟我说由于还要等堪培拉的一些证明教材,没法当时批准,但会尽快的,把我打发回家了,大概10点半我就在westfield闲逛了。

以下内容是澳大利亚入籍考试中可能会涉及到的内容,包括澳洲公民的权利和义务,澳洲的价值观,澳洲历史和文化等方面。可称作是你不得不看的澳洲入籍考试指导大全

australian citizenship test study guide

australian citizenship pledge

from this time forward, under god

i pledge my loyalty to australia and its people whose democratic beliefs i share,

whose rights and liberties i respect, and whose laws i will uphold and obey.

privileges:

1.        to vote;

2.        to seek election to parliament;

3.        to apply for an australian passport and to enter australia freely;

4.        to register children born overseas as australian citizens by descent;

5.        to seek full consular assistance from australian diplomatic representatives while overseas;

6.        to seek employment opportunities in the australian defence force and the australian public service.

responsibilities:

1.        to vote in federal, state and territory elections and at a referendum;

2.        to serve on a jury if called on to do so;

3.        to defend australia should the need arise.

australian values:

1.        respect for the equal worth, dignity and freedom of the individual;

2.        freedom of speech;

3.        freedom of religion and secular government;

4.        freedom of association;

5.        support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law;

6.        equality under the law;

7.        equality of men and women;

8.        equality of opportunity;

9.        peacefulness;

10.   tolerance, mutual respect and compassion for those in need.

from 1949 people seeking australian citizenship have been required to have knowledge of english.

澳洲历史:australia’s history

discovery: in 1606, the dutchman williem jansz landed on the western side of cape york peninsula. later

in the 1600s, dutch sailors explored the north and west of the continent which they called ‘new holland’. the east coast of australia was not explored by europeans until james cook reached it in 1770. he claimed this land for king george iii on possession island in torres strait.

indigenous australians: australia’s indigenous population is comprised of aboriginal and torres  strait

islander people. indigenous australians have been here for 40,000 to 60,000 years. hundreds of indigenous communities   were   living   in   australia   before   settlement.   more   than   700   languages   were   spoken pre-settlement with around 250 still active today. the indigenous population has declined from 750,000 in

1788 to 483,000 today.

settlement: british settlers, mainly convicts, started arriving in new  south wales from 1788. until 1868, more  than 160,000  convicts were  transported  to  australia  altogether.  from  1850s,  with  the discovery of gold, there was a rush of people from all round the globe.

‘australia’: the name ‘australia’ derives from the latin word ‘australis’, meaning ‘southern’. the land was known as terra australis incognita – unknown land of the south. in 1814, the name ‘australia’ gained popularity  due  to  matthew  flinders’s  book  ‘a  voyage  to  terra  australis’.  governor  lachlan  macquarie

adopted it. 1824 the continent became officially named ‘australia’.

exploring: in 1813 three men, blaxland, wentworth and lawson, got across the blue mountains by going

up to the plateau and following the ridges. in 1848 ludwig leichhardt disappeared while trying to cross the continent from east to west. in 1860 robert o’hara burke and william john wills set out from melbourne

to cross the continent from south to north and also died in the journey.

wwi(关于一战): australian soldiers entered world war i in 1915 with an attack on germany’s ally, turkey. the date

of the landing at gallipoli (25 april) is the unofficial national day – anzac day. john monash became the commander of the australian forces, known as ‘the  diggers’. remembrance  day (11  november) is also a day on which australians remember those who have served and died in war. red poppies have been used as

a symbol of remembrance since world war i, in which australia had 25,000 casualties.

wwii(关于二战): in world war ii, australians fought in  the desert of north  africa against germans and italians. australian soldiers were given the name ‘rats of tobruk’. when the japanese took the great british base at singapore,  15,000  australian  troops  were  among  those  taken  into  captivity  to  work  on  the  thai-burma

railway.

eureka rebellion: on 3 december 1854 gold diggers protested against the collection of licence fee to dig and called for the establishment of a democratic and republican government. they were soon overpowered and about 30 were killed. this event has become a symbol of protest and popular rights.

popular rights: australian workers were the first to enjoy an eight-hour working day. the commonwealth

arbitration court in 1907 set a minimum  wage. most men had had the vote from the 1850s; women then

gained  the vote in 1902. edith  cowan became the first woman  parliamentarian  when  elected  to  the wa  parliament in 1921. labor party was created in 1891; all other parties combined into liberal party in 1910.

federation: in  1889,  sir  henry  parkes,  ‘the  father  of  federation’,  issued  a  call  for  a  new  nation  to  be formed who managed to assemble a convention of all the colonies in 1891 for a constitution to be written.

in 1893, the constitution was accepted at referendum. sir henry parkes died in 1896. the first australian government was sworn in in sydney’s centennial park on 1 january 1901. the prime minister of the new nation was edmund barton. alfred deakin became the second prime minister in 1903. australia was now a nation but still within the british empire. it did not acquire full powers over defence  and  foreign  affairs until 1931. an attempt to make australia a republic was defeated in 1999.

 

migration policy: the founding population of australia was made up of the english, scots and irish. the colonies took common action in 1888 to limit chinese  migration, believed that chinese were inferior, but they also did not want a society with deep divisions or where foreign outcasts worked for low wages and lowered the dignity of all labour. after  world  war  ii, to build up its population, australia operated a large scale programme to bring migrants from the countries of europe. in 1967, the dismantling  of  the  white australia policy began and in 1973 migration was placed on a totally non-discriminatory basis.

indigenous  policy:  in  the  years  around  1900,  the  colonial  and  state  governments  moved  to  a  policy  of firmly confining aboriginal people on their reserves. in the 1940s and 1950s government policy changed to the assimilation of aboriginals and in the 1960s to the integration of aboriginal people into white society. their civil rights and the right to vote were restored to them. aboriginal people become full members of australian society when in 1967 people gave an overwhelming yes vote (90 per cent) to a proposal to change  the  aboriginal  sections  of  the  constitution.  the  high  court  in  its  1992  mabo  decision  restored unsold land to aboriginal people.

澳洲地理:australia’s geography

territory: australia is the 6th largest country in area in the world. 2x the size of india and 32x the size of

united kingdom. australia stretches 4000 km from east to west and 3700 km from north to south. only 6%

of its land is suitable for agriculture. 77 million hectares of land and 65 million hectares of marine areas are protected. 17 parts of australia are on the world heritage list.

states and territories: australia has 6 states and 2 mainland territories:

1.        act: established in 1911; designed by american architect, walter burley griffin; ‘canberra’ comes from aboriginal word meaning ‘meeting place’.

2.        nsw: sydney is the nation’s largest city; home of largest number of rugby league clubs.

3.        vic: most densely populated state; birthplace of australian rules football.

4.        qld: 2nd largest state; famous for its tropical rainforests and the great barrier reef.

5.        wa: largest state, same size of western europe; home of mining, agricultural and wine industries.

6.        sa: home of agricultural and wine industries.

7.        tas:  smallest  state;  unspoilt  wild  landscapes;  popular  tourist  destination;  destination  of  the  annual

sydney to hobart yachting event.

8.        nt: twice the size of france.

australian government also administers:

1.        ashmore and cartier islands

2.        chistmas island

3.        cocos islands

4.        coral sea islands

5.        heard islands,

6.        mcdonald islands

7.        norfold island

8.        australian antarctic territory

australia’s culture

population: 21 million in total, 483 thousand indigenous. median age 37 years. 22% of the population was born overseas. united kingdom, new zealand, china, italy and vietnam are the 5 top birthplaces. more than 15% of australians speak language other than english at home.

religion: australia has no official or state religion. 2/3 of australians describe themselves as christians. christianity, buddhism, islam, hinduism and judaism are the 5 major religions.

national anthem: advance  australia  fair is australia’s national anthem. it was composed by peter

dodds  mccormick  and  first  sung  in  sydney  in  1878.  it  was  proclaimed  the  national  anthem  on  19

april 1984.

australians all let us rejoice,

for we are young and free; we’ve golden soil and wealth for toil;

our home is girt by sea;

our land abounds in nature’s gifts

of beauty rich and rare;

in history’s page, let every stage

advance australia fair.

in joyful strains then let us sing

advance australia fair.

beneath our radiant southern cross

we’ll toil with hearts and hands;

to make this commonwealth of ours

renowned of all the lands;

for those who’ve come across the seas we’ve boundless plains to share; with courage let us all combine to

advance australia fair.

 

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